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ganazz
This factsheet was completed by People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) . Please direct any questions or comments to PETA directly at 757-622-7382 or info@peta.org.
Premarin: A Prescription for Cruelty

Every year, doctors prescribe hormone replacement therapy (HRT) to millions of women suffering from menopausal symptoms. One of the most widely prescribed drugs for HRT is made from animal waste. The drug is Premarin, an estrogen-therapy drug manufactured by Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, which also produces Prempro, an estrogen/progestin combination. Both drugs contain horse urine, specifically pregnant mares' urine (PMU). This form of HRT has proved to be dangerous to humans, but the horses raised for their urine are kept confined and pregnant. Their foals often end up in the slaughterhouse.

Where Premarin Comes From
More than 400 ranches in remote areas of North Dakota and Canada house thousands of pregnant mares who produce urine for Premarin and similar HRT drugs.(1) For six months of their pregnancies, these horses are confined to PMU stalls so small that the mares cannot turn around or take more than one step in any direction. The animals must wear rubber urine-collection bags at all times, which cause chafing and lesions, and their drinking water is limited so that their urine will yield more concentrated estrogen.(2,3)

PMU ranchers are only expected to follow the “Recommended Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Horses in PMU Operations,” a document produced by a “study committee” that included a Wyeth representative, on a voluntary basis. The document states that horses may be allowed only “as much exercise as is necessary for their welfare,” leaving the exact amount open to interpretation.(4) One PMU farmer in Alberta claims that horses can “exercise in the stall … they can lay down, move ahead, back up, [and] go sideways.”(5) Some farmers admit to exercising their horses as little as once every three or four weeks. When questioned about horses’ need for exercise, a Wyeth-Ayerst spokesperson flippantly replied, “Some horses are active, some are couch potatoes.”(6)

The Fate of the Foals
The fate of the tens of thousands of foals born on PMU farms each year—who are considered industry “byproducts”—is equally disturbing.(7) Some are used to replace their exhausted mothers, many of whom have been confined to PMU farms for many years. Most of the remaining foals, along with worn-out mares, are sold to “kill buyers,” fattened, and slaughtered. One PMU industry insider says, “See, the foals—and the mares which [sic] can’t get pregnant any more—they are the byproduct of the PMU industry. ... We crush ’em and recycle ’em, just like [aluminum] cans.”(8) Another lamented, “We have no choice. We can’t afford to keep up the foals during the winter, and there’s not enough of a market for the little ones up here.”(9) Claude Bouvry, a Canadian horsemeat exporter, told The Western Producer that the PMU industry is his “biggest source of supply.” Without the overseas demand for horsemeat, Bouvry says, there would be no market for the foals born on PMU farms.(10)

Risks Outweigh Any Benefits
In 2002, the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI), a study of more than 16,000 women using Prempro, was abruptly halted by the federal government after it concluded that HRT raises a woman’s risk of stroke by 41 percent, heart attack by 29 percent, and breast cancer by 26 percent. Dr. Claude Lenfant, director of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, which sponsored the study, said the cardiovascular and cancer risks were “too high a price to pay” and urged women who want to ward off heart disease to “focus on well-proven treatments” instead, such as controlling blood cholesterol and keeping their weight down.(11)

The WHI also found that Prempro has no meaningful effects on women’s physical or emotional health, pain levels, memory, sleeping patterns, or energy levels. The researchers concluded that Prempro is effective for short-term relief from hot flashes but nothing else. Many women find that they can control hot flashes and other menopausal symptoms by making easy lifestyle changes—like eating a low-fat vegetarian diet and getting regular exercise—rather than contributing to animal suffering. Dr. Jennifer Hays from the Baylor College of Medicine commented, “The average woman will not experience an improvement in her quality of life by taking this pill.”(12)

What You Can Do
If your doctor prescribes HRT, discuss your options and ask for one of the many humane alternatives to Premarin, such as hormone-replacement tablets made from plant-derived estrogens called phytoestrogens.(13) Other herbal-based, over-the-counter remedies are also are available. For a list of alternatives, call 1-800-KNOW-PMU, or visit MenopauseOnline.com.

References

(1) Robin Gaby Fisher, “Hormone Roundup: Manitoba Is Biggest Producer of Horse Urine to Make Hormone-Replacement Drugs,” Newhouse News Service, 12 Aug. 2002.
(2) Frances Russell, “Wall of Silence Hides PMU Industry,” Winnipeg Free Press, 25 Jun. 1995.
(3) American Association of Equine Practitioners, “AAEP Officials Inspect PMU Farms,” AAEP Report, Jul. 1995.
(4) Manitoba Department of Agriculture, “Recommended Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Horses in PMU Operations,” 1 Jun. 1990.
(5) Don Thomas, “Horse Urine Farms Scrutinized,” The Edmonton Journal, 18 Mar. 1995.
(6) Russell.
(7) “Ramona Woman Saves Horses From Slaughter,” The San Diego Union-Tribune, 25 Apr. 2004.
(8) David Jones, “The Price of a Wonder Drug. What Happens When the Medical Men Have Got What They Came for,” Today, 17 Jan. 1995.
(9) “Hot Flashes, Wyeth-Ayerst’s Menopause Drug Premarin Is Now America’s Most Prescribed,” Philadelphia Magazine, Dec. 1998.
(10) Barb Grinder, “Horse Plant Diversifies Into Specialty Livestock,” The Western Producer, 28 Nov. 1996.
(11) Charlene Laino, “Due to Risks, Hormone Trial Halted,” MSNBC, 9 Jul. 2002.
(12) “More Findings Against Long-Term Hormone Therapy,” CNN.com, 17 Mar. 2003.
(13) Ransdell Pierson and Jed Seltzer, “Plant-Derived Estrogen Wins FDA Approval,” Reuters, 11 May 2004.

aina_sara
x paham la wei.. eden ngaji sekolah x tinggi.. translate pls.. 106.gif
ganazz
QUOTE (aina_sara @ Mar 16 2009, 12:26 PM) *
x paham la wei.. eden ngaji sekolah x tinggi.. translate pls.. 106.gif

Jumpa dokto B@zSH dulu..... nanti kan hang..... uwek!!!!
aina_sara
apsal lak nak...uwek..! lak?? rclxub.gif
ganazz
pil wanita monopos, dibuat daripada air kencing kuda... mat saleh bela kuda, khas untuk produksi air kencing kuda bunting. dorang pakai beg plastik tadah air kencing, untuk diproses bagi mendapatkan sumber estrogen. coba bayangkan..... setiap wanita, anggun jelita, goda menawan di waktu hot, sampai masa dok makan pil air kencing kuda.!!!!

Mana lelaki sejati kesayangan setiap wanita, berfikir tentang bende ni? berkesah ke? pikir2 la... risiko barah wanita diusia lanjut skang pun... eh!!! makin bertambah!!! 'ujung usia berundang risiko!'
bizonedrop
hohoho...

patutnye isu ni kena diketengahkan...biar semua tahu...
ganazz
QUOTE (aina_sara @ Mar 16 2009, 12:26 PM) *
x paham la wei.. eden ngaji sekolah x tinggi.. translate pls.. 106.gif


Lembar fakta ini diselesaikan oleh Rakyat untuk Perlakuan Etis Haiwan (PETA). Please direct any questions or comments to PETA directly at 757-622-7382 or info@peta.org. Silakan langsung soalan atau komentar untuk PETA langsung di 757-622-7382 atau info@peta.org.
Premarin: A Prescription for Cruelty Premarin: Sebuah Resep untuk Kekejaman

Every year, doctors prescribe hormone replacement therapy (HRT) to millions of women suffering from menopausal symptoms. Setiap tahun, doktor meresepkan terapi penggantian hormon (HRT) kepada jutaan wanita menderita gejala menopause. One of the most widely prescribed drugs for HRT is made from animal waste. Salah satu yang paling banyak diresepkan ubat untuk HRT dicipta daripada kotoran haiwan. The drug is Premarin, an estrogen-therapy drug manufactured by Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, which also produces Prempro, an estrogen/progestin combination. Obat premarin, sebuah ubat terapi estrogen yang dihasilkan oleh Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, yang juga menghasilkan Prempro, estrogen / progestin kombinasi. Both drugs contain horse urine, specifically pregnant mares' urine (PMU). Kedua ubat mengandungi urin kuda, khususnya kuda hamil 'urin (PMU). This form of HRT has proved to be dangerous to humans, but the horses raised for their urine are kept confined and pregnant. Bentuk HRT ini telah terbukti berbahaya bagi manusia, tetapi kuda-kuda mengangkat untuk disimpan urine mereka terhad dan hamil. Their foals often end up in the slaughterhouse. Anak kuda mereka sering berakhir di rumah jagal.

Where Premarin Comes From Mana premarin Comes From
More than 400 ranches in remote areas of North Dakota and Canada house thousands of pregnant mares who produce urine for Premarin and similar HRT drugs.(1) For six months of their pregnancies, these horses are confined to PMU stalls so small that the mares cannot turn around or take more than one step in any direction. Lebih daripada 400 ladang di daerah terpencil Dakota Utara dan Kanada hamil rumah ribuan kuda betina yang menghasilkan urin untuk HRT premarin dan ubat-ubatan serupa. (1) Selama enam bulan kehamilan mereka, kuda-kuda ini terhad untuk PMU gerai-gerai sangat kecil sehingga tidak dapat kuda betina berbalik atau memuat lebih dari satu langkah ke arah manapun. The animals must wear rubber urine-collection bags at all times, which cause chafing and lesions, and their drinking water is limited so that their urine will yield more concentrated estrogen.(2,3) Binatang harus memakai urin getah-koleksi tas sepanjang waktu, yang menyebabkan lecet dan luka, dan air minum mereka terhad sehingga urine mereka akan menghasilkan lebih tertumpu estrogen. (2,3)

PMU ranchers are only expected to follow the “Recommended Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Horses in PMU Operations,” a document produced by a “study committee” that included a Wyeth representative, on a voluntary basis. PMU peternak hanya diharapkan untuk mengikuti "Recommended Code of Practice untuk Penjagaan dan Pengendalian Kuda di PMU Operasi," sebuah dokumen yang dihasilkan oleh suatu "studi jawatankuasa" yang merangkumi wakil Wyeth, secara sukarela. The document states that horses may be allowed only “as much exercise as is necessary for their welfare,” leaving the exact amount open to interpretation.(4) One PMU farmer in Alberta claims that horses can “exercise in the stall … they can lay down, move ahead, back up, [and] go sideways.”(5) Some farmers admit to exercising their horses as little as once every three or four weeks. Dokumen menyatakan bahawa kuda mungkin dibenarkan hanya "latihan sebanyak yang diperlukan untuk kesejahteraan mereka," meninggalkan jumlah yang tepat terbuka untuk tafsiran. (4) Satu PMU petani di Alberta tuntutan bahawa kuda bisa "latihan di dalam bilik ... mereka boleh meletakkan bawah, bergerak maju, mundur, [dan] pergi ke samping. "(5) Beberapa petani mengakui untuk melatih kuda mereka sesedikit sekali setiap tiga atau empat minggu. When questioned about horses' need for exercise, a Wyeth-Ayerst spokesperson flippantly replied, “Some horses are active, some are couch potatoes.”(6) Ketika ditanya tentang kuda 'perlu untuk latihan, Wyeth-Ayerst seorang jurucakap sembarangan menjawab, "Beberapa kuda yang aktif, ada yang sofa kentang." (6)

The Fate of the Foals Nasib daripada anak kuda
The fate of the tens of thousands of foals born on PMU farms each year—who are considered industry “byproducts”—is equally disturbing.(7) Some are used to replace their exhausted mothers, many of whom have been confined to PMU farms for many years. Nasib puluhan ribu anak kuda lahir pada penternakan PMU setiap tahun-industri yang dianggap "produk sampingan"-sama mengganggu. (7) Sebahagian digunakan untuk menukar lelah mereka ibu-ibu, banyak di antaranya telah terhad kepada pertanian PMU untuk bertahun-tahun. Most of the remaining foals, along with worn-out mares, are sold to “kill buyers,” fattened, and slaughtered. Sebahagian besar anak kuda yang tersisa, bersama dengan usang kuda, dijual untuk "membunuh pembeli," digemukkan, dan dibantai. One PMU industry insider says, “See, the foals—and the mares which [sic] can't get pregnant any more—they are the byproduct of the PMU industry. Satu orang dalam industri PMU berkata, "Lihat, si anak kuda-kuda betina dan yang [sic] tidak bisa hamil lagi-mereka adalah produk sampingan dari industri PMU. ... ... We crush 'em and recycle 'em, just like [aluminum] cans.”(8) Another lamented, “We have no choice. Kami memusnahkan mereka dan mengitar semula 'mereka, sama seperti [aluminium] tin. "(8) lain mengeluh," Kami tidak punya pilihan. We can't afford to keep up the foals during the winter, and there's not enough of a market for the little ones up here.”(9) Claude Bouvry, a Canadian horsemeat exporter, told The Western Producer that the PMU industry is his “biggest source of supply.” Without the overseas demand for horsemeat, Bouvry says, there would be no market for the foals born on PMU farms.(10) Kita tidak mampu untuk terus menaiki anak kuda selama musim dingin, dan tidak ada cukup banyak pasar untuk anak-anak kecil di sini. "(9) Claude Bouvry, horsemeat Kanada pengeksport, mengatakan Produser Barat bahawa industri PMU adalah "sumber terbesar bekalan." Tanpa permintaan luar negeri untuk horsemeat, Bouvry mengatakan, tidak akan ada pasaran untuk anak kuda PMU lahir di peternakan. (10)

Risks Outweigh Any Benefits Risiko mengalahkan setiap Manfaat
In 2002, the Women's Health Initiative (WHI), a study of more than 16,000 women using Prempro, was abruptly halted by the federal government after it concluded that HRT raises a woman's risk of stroke by 41 percent, heart attack by 29 percent, and breast cancer by 26 percent. Pada tahun 2002, Women's Health Initiative (whi), sebuah penelitian lebih dari 16.000 wanita yang menggunakan Prempro, tiba-tiba dihentikan oleh kerajaan persekutuan selepas menyimpulkan bahawa HRT wanita menimbulkan risiko stroke sebesar 41 persen, serangan jantung sebanyak 29 peratus, dan kanser payudara dengan 26 peratus. Dr. Claude Lenfant, director of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, which sponsored the study, said the cardiovascular and cancer risks were “too high a price to pay” and urged women who want to ward off heart disease to “focus on well-proven treatments” instead, such as controlling blood cholesterol and keeping their weight down.(11) Dr Claude Lenfant, Pengarah National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, yang ditaja kajian, berkata risiko kardiovaskular dan kanser "terlalu tinggi harga yang harus dibayar" dan mendesak para wanita yang ingin mencegah penyakit jantung untuk "fokus tentang penjagaan terbukti baik "dan bukannya, seperti mengendalikan kolesterol darah dan menjaga berat badan turun. (11)

The WHI also found that Prempro has no meaningful effects on women's physical or emotional health, pain levels, memory, sleeping patterns, or energy levels. The Whi juga mendapati bahawa Prempro tidak mempunyai kesan yang bererti perempuan kesihatan fizikal atau emosional, peringkat sakit, memori, pola tidur, atau tahap tenaga. The researchers concluded that Prempro is effective for short-term relief from hot flashes but nothing else. Para penyelidik menyimpulkan bahawa Prempro berkesan untuk bantuan jangka pendek daripada hot flashes tetapi tidak ada yang lain. Many women find that they can control hot flashes and other menopausal symptoms by making easy lifestyle changes—like eating a low-fat vegetarian diet and getting regular exercise—rather than contributing to animal suffering. Banyak wanita mendapati bahawa mereka boleh mengawal hot flashes dan gejala menopause lain dengan membuat perubahan gaya hidup mudah-seperti makan rendah lemak dan diet vegetarian mendapatkan sukan teratur daripada menyumbang terhadap penderitaan binatang. Dr. Jennifer Hays from the Baylor College of Medicine commented, “The average woman will not experience an improvement in her quality of life by taking this pill.”(12) Dr Jennifer Hays dari Baylor College of Medicine berkomentar, "wanita rata-rata tidak akan mengalami peningkatan dalam kualiti hidup dengan mengambil pil ini." (12)

What You Can Do Yang Bisa Anda Lakukan
If your doctor prescribes HRT, discuss your options and ask for one of the many humane alternatives to Premarin, such as hormone-replacement tablets made from plant-derived estrogens called phytoestrogens.(13) Other herbal-based, over-the-counter remedies are also are available. Jika doktor anda meresepkan TSH, membincangkan pilihan anda dan meminta salah satu dari sekian banyak alternatif untuk premarin berperikemanusiaan, seperti penggantian hormon-tablet yang dibuat dari tanaman yang diturunkan dari estrogen disebut fitoestrogen. (13) Lain-berasaskan herba, over-the-counter remedies juga sedia. For a list of alternatives, call 1-800-KNOW-PMU, or visit MenopauseOnline.com. Untuk senarai alternatif, panggilan 1-800-KNOW-PMU, atau lawati MenopauseOnline.com.
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